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The Jubilee was a holy year observed every 50 years by the ancient Israelites. Every seventh year was a sabbatical (sabbath year), in which the land lay fallow. The Jubilee was the year after the seventh sabbatical year.

Biblical Reference[]

"You shall make the fiftieth year holy, and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee to you; and each of you shall return to his own property, and each of you shall return to his family. That fiftieth year shall be a jubilee to you. In it you shall not sow, neither reap that which grows of itself, nor gather from the undressed vines. For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat of its increase out of the field.

"In this Year of Jubilee each of you shall return to his property.

"If you sell anything to your neighbor, or buy from your neighbor, you shall not wrong one another. According to the number of years after the Jubilee you shall buy from your neighbor. According to the number of years of the crops he shall sell to you. According to the length of the years you shall increase its price, and according to the shortness of the years you shall diminish its price; for he is selling the number of the crops to you. You shall not wrong one another; but you shall fear your God: for I am Yahweh your God." (Leviticus 25:10-17)

Christian Jubilee[]

Various Popes have declared various Jubilee years.

List of Known Jubilee Years[]

  1. 1300 : Pope Boniface VIII
  2. 1350 : Pope Clement VI
  3. 1390 : decreed by Pope Urban VI, presided by Pope Boniface IX
  4. 1400 : Pope Boniface IX
  5. 1423 : Pope Martin V
  6. 1450 : Pope Nicholas V
  7. 1475 : decreed by Pope Paul II, presided by Pope Sixtus IV
  8. 1500 : Pope Alexander VI
  9. 1525 : Pope Clement VII
  10. 1550 : decreed by Pope Paul III, presided by Julius III
  11. 1575 : Pope Gregory XIII
  12. 1600 : Pope Clement VIII
  13. 1625 : Pope Urban VIII
  14. 1650 : Pope Innocent X
  15. 1675 : Pope Clement X
  16. 1700 : decreed by Pope Innocent XII, presided by Pope Clement XI
  17. 1725 : Pope Benedict XIII
  18. 1750 : Pope Benedict XIV
  19. 1775 : decreed by Pope Clement XIV, presided by Pope Pius VI
  20. 1825 : Pope Leo XII
  21. 1875 : Pope Pius IX (without great solemnity)
  22. 1900 : Pope Leo XIII
  23. 1925 : Pope Pius XI
  24. 1933 : Pope Pius XI
  25. 1950 : Pope Pius XII
  26. 1975 : Pope Paul VI
  27. 1983 : Pope John Paul II
  28. 2000 : Pope John Paul II
  29. 2008 : Pope Benedict XVI (the Pauline Year)

See also[]

  • Sabbatical year
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