Christianity Knowledge Base

Francis I
Bishop of Rome
Franciscus in 2015
Pope Francis in 2015
ChurchCatholic Church
Papacy began13 March 2013
PredecessorBenedict XVI
Ordination13 December 1969
by Ramón José Castellano
Consecration27 June 1992
by Antonio Quarracino
Created cardinal21 February 2001
by John Paul II
Personal details
Birth nameJorge Mario Bergoglio
Born (1936-12-17) 17 December 1936 (age 87)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
NationalityArgentine (with Vatican citizenship)
ResidenceDomus Sanctae Marthae
Previous post(s)
  • Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in Argentina (1973–1979)
  • Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (1992–1997)
  • Titular Bishop of Auca (1992–1997)
  • Archbishop of Buenos Aires (1998–2013)
  • Cardinal Priest of San Roberto Bellarmino (2001–2013)
  • Ordinary for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in Argentina (1998–2013)
  • President of the Argentine Episcopal Conference (2005–2011)
  • Maximum College of St. Joseph
  • Philosophical and Theological Faculty of San Miguel
  • Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy
  • Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology
MottoMiserando atque eligendo Press reports have provided a variety of translations for the phrase. According to Vatican Radio: "Pope Francis has chosen the motto Miserando atque eligendo, meaning lowly but chosen; literally in Latin by having mercy, by choosing him. The motto is one Francis used as bishop. It is taken from the homilies of the Venerable Bede on Saint Matthew's Gospel relating to his vocation: 'Jesus saw the tax collector and by having mercy chose him as an apostle saying to him: Follow me.
SignatureFrancis I's signature
Coat of armsFrancis I's coat of arms
Ordination history
Priestly ordination
Ordained byRamón José Castellano
Date13 December 1969
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorAntonio Cardinal Quarracino
Co-consecratorsUbaldo Calabresi and Emilio Ogñénovich
Date27 June 1992
Elevated byPope John Paul II
Date21 February 2001
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Pope Francis I as principal consecrator
Horacio Ernesto Benites Astoul1 May 1999
Jorge Rubén Lugones30 July 1999
Jorge Eduardo Lozano25 March 2000
Joaquín Mariano Sucunza21 October 2000
José Antonio Gentico28 April 2001
Fernando Carlos Maletti18 September 2001
Andrés Stanovnik16 December 2001
Mario Aurelio Poli20 April 2002
Eduardo Horacio García16 August 2003
Adolfo Armando Uriona8 May 2004
Eduardo Maria Taussig25 September 2004
Raúl Martín20 May 2006
Hugo Manuel Salaberry Goyeneche21 August 2006
Óscar Vicente Ojea Quintana2 September 2006
Hugo Nicolás Barbaro4 July 2008
Enrique Eguía Seguí11 October 2008
Ariel Edgardo Torrado Mosconi13 December 2008
Luis Alberto Fernández Alara27 March 2009
Vicente Bokalic Iglic29 May 2010
Alfredo Horacio Zecca18 August 2011
Jean-Marie Antoine Joseph Speich24 October 2013
Giampiero Gloder24 October 2013
Fernando Vérgez Alzaga15 November 2013
Fabio Fabene30 May 2014
Angelo De Donatis9 November 2015
Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot19 March 2016
Peter Bryan Wells19 March 2016
Waldemar Stanisław Sommertag19 March 2018
Alfred Xuereb19 March 2018
José Avelino Bettencourt19 March 2018
Alberto Ricardo Lorenzelli Rossi22 June 2019
Michael F. Czerny4 October 2019
Paolo Borgia4 October 2019
Antoine Camilleri4 October 2019
Paolo Rudelli4 October 2019
Guido Marini17 October 2021
Andrés Gabriel Ferrada Moreira17 October 2021

Pope Francis I (born Jorge Mario Bergoglio on December 17, 1936) is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as Bishop of Rome, and Sovereign of the Vatican City. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere and the first non-European pope since the Syrian Gregory III, who died in 741.


Early life[]

Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina on December 17, 1936. He was the son of Mario José Bergoglio (1908-1959) and Regina Maria Sivori (1911-1981) and was oldest of five children. His father, Mario Bergoglio was an Italian Argentine accountant born in Portacomaro in Italy's region of Piedmont. His mother Regina Sivori was an Argentine housewife born to a family of northern Italian origin.

Career as a Jesuit (1958-2013)[]

Bergoglio found his vocation to the priesthood while he was on his way to celebrate the Spring Day. He passed by a church to go to confession, and was inspired by the priest.[ Bergoglio studied at the archdiocesan seminary, Inmaculada Concepción Seminary, in Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires, and, after three years, entered the Society of Jesus as a novice on 11 March 1958. Bergoglio has said that, as a young seminarian, he had a crush on a girl he met and briefly doubted about continuing the religious career. As a Jesuit novice he studied humanities in Santiago, Chile. At the conclusion of his novitiate in the Society of Jesus, Bergoglio officially became a Jesuit on 12 March 1960, when he made the religious profession of the initial, perpetual vows of poverty, chastity and obedience of a member of the order.

In 1960, Bergoglio obtained a licentiate in philosophy from the Colegio Máximo de San José in San Miguel, Buenos Aires Province. He taught literature and psychology at the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepción, a high school in Santa Fe, from 1964 to 1965. In 1966, he taught the same courses at the Colegio del Salvador in Buenos Aires.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Theodor Hubrich
Titular Bishop of Auca
20 May 1992 – 3 June 1997

Succeeded by
Mieczysław Cisło
Preceded by
Antonio Quarracino
Archbishop of Buenos Aires
28 February 1998 – 13 March 2013

Succeeded by
Mario Aurelio Poli
Ordinary of Argentina of the Eastern Rite
6 November 1998 – 13 March 2013

Preceded by
Augusto Vargas Alzamora
Cardinal-Priest of San Roberto Bellarmino
21 February 2001 – 13 March 2013

Preceded by
Eduardo Vicente Mirás
President of the Episcopal Conference of Argentina
8 November 2005 – 8 November 2011

Succeeded by
José María Arancedo
Preceded by
Benedict XVI
13 March 2013 – present


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