StJohnsAshfield StainedGlass Shepherd Face
Part of the series on

History of Christianity
Jesus of Nazareth
The Apostles
Ecumenical councils
Great Schism
The Crusades
Protestant Reformation

The Trinity of God
God the Father
Christ the Son
The Holy Spirit

Christian theology
Christian Church
Christian worship
Grace · Salvation
Sermon on the Mount
The Ten Commandments

The Christian Bible
Old Testament
New Testament

Christian denominations
Orthodox Christianity

Christian movements

Orthodox Christianity is a generalized reference to the Eastern traditions of Christianity, as opposed to the Western traditions which descend through, or alongside of, the Roman Catholic Church.

Part of the series on
Eastern Christianity
00058 christ pantocrator mosaic hagia sophia 656x800

Byzantine Empire
Ecumenical council
Great Schism

Assyrian Church of the East
Oriental Orthodoxy
Syriac Christianity
Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Rite Catholics

Liturgy and Worship
Divine Liturgy - Eastern Rite

Apophaticism - Filioque clause
Miaphysitism - Monophysitism
Nestorianism - Panentheism

This box: view  talk  edit

Eastern Orthodoxy is a Christian body whose adherents are largely based in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, with a growing presence in the western world. Eastern Orthodox Christians subscribe to the first seven ecumenical councils. It claims to be the original Christian church founded by Christ and the Apostles, and traces its lineage back to the early church through the process of Apostolic Succession. Eastern Orthodox distinctives include the Divine Liturgy, Mysteries or Sacraments, organization into self-governing jurisdictions, and an emphasis on the preservation of Tradition, which it holds to be Apostolic in nature. It is estimated that there are 250 million Orthodox Christians in the world although this number is probably high.

Oriental Orthodoxy refers to the churches of Eastern Christian traditions that keep the faith of only the first three ecumenical councils of the undivided Church—the First Council of Nicaea, the First Council of Constantinople and the Council of Ephesus - and rejected the dogmatic definitions of the Council of Chalcedon. Hence, these churches are also called Old Oriental Churches.

Nestorian churches refers to the churches of Eastern Christian traditions that keep the faith of only the first two ecumenical councils of the undivided Church - the First Council of Nicaea and the First Council of Constantinople. These churches are also called the Church of the East or the Assyrian Church of the East. The Nestorian churches are sometimes classified under "Oriental Orthodox" churches as well.

See alsoEdit

This article was forked from Wikipedia on March 25, 2006.

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.