|Old Testament and Tanakh|
| Jewish, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox
|Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox|
|Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox|
| Russian and Oriental Orthodox
The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Scriptures/Bible or the Tanakh, consists of books that are holy to both Judaism and Christianity. There are differences between the Hebrew Scriptures for Judaism and Christianity. Jews number the books in Hebrew Scriptures as 24, while Christians number the books in Hebrew Scirptures as 39. This is because the Jews consider the Books of Samuel, Books of Kings, and Books of Chronicles to form one book each, group the 12 minor prophets into one book, and also consider the Book of Ezra and Book of Nehemiah to be a single book. The Roman Catholic, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox include books removed by Martin Luther, called the deuterocannonical books, which Protestants exclude as apocryphal. The basis for these books is found in the early Koine Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures/Bible. This translation was widely used by the early Christians and is the one most often quoted (300 of 350 quotations including many of Jesus's own words) in the New Testament when it quotes the Old Testament.
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