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Old Testament and Tanakh
Jewish, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox
Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox
Russian and Oriental Orthodox
Oriental Orthodox
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Books of Nevi'im
First Prophets
1. Book of Joshua
2. Book of Judges
3. Books of Samuel
4. Books of Kings
Later Prophets
5. Book of Isaiah
6. Book of Jeremiah
7. Book of Ezekiel
8. Minor prophets
Old Testament


The major prophets is a grouping of books in the Christian Old Testament that does not occur in the Hebrew Bible. All of these books are traditionally regarded as authored by a prophet such as Jeremiah, Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel. The term "major" has nothing to do with the achievement or importance of the prophets, rather with the length of the books. In comparison to the books of the Twelve Minor Prophets, whose books are short and grouped together into one single book in the Hebrew Bible, these books are much longer.[1]

Daniel Ezekiel Jeremiah Isaiah Gesu Rome

Daniel, Ezekiel, Jeremiah and Isaiah fresco in Church of the Gesu

The order of the books[]

Hebrew Bible[]

The Tanakh, often called the Hebrew Bible, is separated into three sections: the Torah, the Nevi'im (Prophets), and the Ketuvim (Writings). The Book of Jeremiah, Book of Isaiah, and the Book of Ezekiel are included among the Nevi'im. The Book of Lamentations and the Book of Daniel are included among the Ketuvim. The Hebrew Bible does not include the Book of Baruch.[2]

Catholic Bible[]

Along with the books in the Hebrew Bible, the Catholic Bible includes the Letter of Jeremiah which is found in Chapter 6 of the Book of Baruch. This was written by Baruch ben Neriah, a scribe of Jeremiah.[1]

Protestant Bible[]

Most Protestant Bibles include only the Book of Isaiah, the Book of Jeremiah, the Book of Lamentations, the Book of Ezekiel, and the Book of Daniel.[1]

Period of Prophecy[]

All the books of the major prophets took place during the "Period of Prophecy", which covers the time from the entrance of the Israelites into the Land of Israel until the Babylonian captivity of Judah. It is understood from all versions of the books that during this time, the four major prophets were chosen by God to be spoken to and speak the divine word to the people.[3]

Isaiah[]

The Book of Isaiah tells primarily of prophecies of the judgments awaiting nations that are persecuting Judah.

Jeremiah[]

The Book of Jeremiah was written as a message to the Jews in exile in Babylon, explaining the disaster of exile as God's response to Israel's pagan worship.

Lamentations[]

The Book of Lamentations tells of the mourning the desertion of the city by God, its destruction, and the ultimate return of the divinity.

Ezekiel[]

The Book of Ezekiel tells of the judgements on Israel and the nation and also the future blessings of Israel.

Daniel[]

The Book of Daniel tell of God's plans to save all Israel in their present oppression, just as he saved Daniel from his enemies.

See also[]

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  • Abraham's family tree
  • Angel
  • Angels in art
  • Angels in Christianity
  • Archangel
  • Bible prophecy
  • Hierarchy of angels
  • List of angels in theology
  • List of biblical names
  • List of Biblical prophets
  • List of major biblical figures
  • List of minor Hebrew Bible figures, A–K
  • List of minor Hebrew Bible figures, L–Z
  • List of minor New Testament figures
  • List of popes
  • Prophecy of the Popes
  • Prophets of Christianity
  • Seven Archangels
  • Twelve Minor Prophets
  • War in Heaven

References[]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Begg, Christopher T.; Graybill, Rhiannon & Urbrock, William J. (2020), “Template:Extlink”, Old Testament Abstracts 43 (2): 483–498, DOI 10.1353/ota.2020.0043 
  2. Johnson, Adam J. (2017). T&T Clark Companion to Atonement. Bloomsbury T&T Clark.
  3. Gunda, Masiiwa Ragies. "Prediction and Power: Prophets and Prophecy in the Old Testament and Zimbabwean Christianity." Exchange (Leiden, Netherlands) 41.4 (2012): 335-51. Web.
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