Frederick Leighton - David

King David

Kings of Israel

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Kings of Judah


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King David was the second king of the united kingdom of Israel (c. 1005 BC - 965 BC) and successor to King Saul. His life and rule are recorded in the Old Testament books of 1 Samuel (from verse 16 onwards), 2 Samuel, 1 Kings and 2 Kings (to verse 4). 1 Chronicles gives further stories of David, mingled with lists and genealogies.

He is depicted as the most righteous of all the ancient kings of Israel - although not without fault - as well as an acclaimed warrior, musician and poet (he is traditionally credited with the authorship of many of the Psalms). 2 Samuel 7:12-16 states that God was so pleased with David that He promised that the Davidic line would endure forever. Jews therefore believe that the Jewish Messiah will be a direct descendant of King David, and Christians trace the lineage of Jesus back to him through both Mary, the mother of Jesus, and her husband Joseph. The nature of his reign and even his existence have been questioned and debated, rejected and defended by modern biblical scholars, but the account given in the Old Testament remains widely accepted by the majority of Jews and Christians, and his story has been of central importance to Western culture.

See alsoEdit

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Hebrew Bible/Old Testament's Genealogy from Adam to David
v  d  e
Creation to Flood Adam Seth Enosh Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch Methuselah Lamech Noah Shem
Origin of the Patriarchs Arpachshad Shelah Eber Peleg Reu Serug Nahor Terah Abraham Isaac Jacob
Nationhood to Kingship Judah Pharez Hezron Ram Amminadab Nahshon Salmon Boaz Obed Jesse David

Preceded by:
Eshbaal/Ishbosheth(2 Samuel 2-4; 1 Chronicles 8:33; 1 Chronicles 9:39.)
King of the United Monarchy Succeeded by:

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