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A bishop whose diocese is considered distinguished, usually by historical significance. In many Anglican churches, archbishops are vested with metropolitan authority over neighboring dioceses or primatial authority over the whole church.

For example, the Anglican Church of Canada is a province within the Anglican Communion, headed by an archbishop, also called the Primate, but is also internally divided into four provinces, each of which is headed by an archbishop, also called the Metropolitan.

Some Anglican churches, such as the Episcopal Church, do not have archbishops.