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The expression Abraham's Bosom occurs in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (Luke 16:22-23). It gives reference to the place where Lazarus was carried after his death.

"The phrase "to be in one's bosom" applies to the person who so reclines at the table that his head is brought almost into the bosom of the one sitting next above him. To be in Abraham's bosom signified to occupy the seat next to Abraham. Jesus, accommodating His speech to the Jews, describes the condition of Lazarus after death by this figure (Luke 16:22-23)." [1]

Abraham's Bosom is not spoken of as in Hades but rather as something separate from it (Luke 16:23). Thus, it should be understood as a place of happiness and rest. In parallel, Matthew 8:11 gives reference to those who will "sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven." Some have also considered this to be the equivalent of the Paradise of Luke 23:43.

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